Tip: The twice-yearly inflation adjustments to TIPS are considered taxable income even though investors won’t see that money until they sell the bond or it reaches maturity.
Source: U.S. Treasury, 2014
“Consumer price inflation has been running below the Committee’s longer-run objective of 2 percent,” said Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke when he testified in July 2013 before Congress.¹
When the Fed Chairman talks about inflation, he’s concerned with the upward price movement in the cost of goods and services in the U.S. economy. Bernanke and the Fed governors are tasked with adjusting short-term interest rates to help control inflation in an effort to promote overall economic growth.
In recent years, inflation has remained low, which has allowed the Fed to maintain record-low short-term interest rates. But some are concerned that the Fed’s interest-rate policy may accelerate inflation in the future, and they are looking for investment opportunities that have the potential to react to higher interest rates.
A Few TIPS
Unlike conventional U.S. Treasury bonds, the principal amount of Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities, or “TIPS,” is adjusted when there are changes in the Consumer Price Index (CPI), which measures changes in inflation. When the CPI increases, a TIPS’ principal increases. If the CPI falls, the principal is reduced.
Fast Fact: Account Balance. As of December 31, 2013, the public held over $972 billion in Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities.
Source: U.S. Treasury, 2014
The relationship between TIPS and the CPI can affect the amount of interest you are paid every six months and the amount you are paid when your TIPS matures.²
Remember, TIPS pay a fixed rate of interest. Since the fixed-rate is applied to the adjusted principal, interest payments can vary from one period to the next.
When TIPS mature, the bondholder will receive either the adjusted principal or the original principal, whichever is greater.²,³
If you are concerned about inflation—and expect short-term interest rates may increase—TIPS are an investment that may be worth considering. A close review of your overall strategy also might reveal other investment choices that may be appropriate in an environment of changing interest rates.
Inflation in Perspective
In recent years, the Consumer Price Index has bounced below 2.7%, its average rate for the past 25 years.
Thomson Reuters, 2014. Past performance does not guarantee future results. Actual results will vary.
- Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve,July 17, 2013
- The interest income from a Treasury Inflation-Protected Security (TIPS) is exempt from state and local taxes. However, according to current tax law, it is subjected to federal income tax. Adjustments in principal are taxed as interest in the year the adjustment occurs even though the principal adjustment is not received by the bond holder until maturity. Individuals should consider their ability to pay the current taxes before investing.
- TreasuryDirect.gov, 2014
The content is developed from sources believed to be providing accurate information. The information in this material is not intended as tax or legal advice. It may not be used for the purpose of avoiding any federal tax penalties. Please consult legal or tax professionals for specific information regarding your individual situation. This material was developed and produced by FMG Suite to provide information on a topic that may be of interest. The opinions expressed and material provided are for general information, and should not be considered a solicitation for the purchase or sale of any security. Copyright 2014 FMG Suite.